What is a strawman argument example?
Strawman Argument Example
A person takes someone else's point then exaggerates it. For example, a teacher recommends longer class lectures. A person using strawman may reply, “No, because that means giving a perfect score to students.”
The main way to counter a straw man is to point out its use, and to then ask your opponent to prove that your original stance and their distorted stance are identical, though in some situations you might also choose to either ignore your opponent's strawman, or to simply accept it and continue the discussion.
Presenting someone who defends a position poorly as the defender, then denying that person's arguments—thus giving the appearance that every upholder of that position (and thus the position itself) has been defeated. Oversimplifying an opponent's argument, then attacking this oversimplified version.
A straw man argument is a misrepresentation of an opinion or viewpoint, designed to be as easy as possible to refute. Just as a person made of straw would be easier to fight with than a real human, a straw man argument is easy to knock to the ground.
- (1) Red Herring Fallacy. ...
- (2) Strawman Fallacy. ...
- (3) Slippery Slope Fallacy. ...
- (4) Begging the Question Fallacy. ...
- (5) Post Hoc Fallacy.
This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person's argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent's position or a competitor's product to tout one's own argument or product as superior.
The opposite of the strawman is referred to as the steelman, which is a productive technique in argumentation where the one evaluating the argument makes the strongest case for the argument, assuming the best intentions of the interlocutor.
A steel man is the practice of making someone's argument stronger. This is the opposite of a straw man whereby you misrepresent your opponent's position as being absurd or weak before offering a rebuttal.
A red herring is a logical fallacy in which irrelevant information is presented alongside relevant information, distracting attention from that relevant information. This may be done intentionally or unintentionally.
- Create a draft proposal.
- Present your draft to the rest of the team. ...
- Knock the strawman down. ...
- Build your proposal back up again.
- Test the proposal against your original objectives.
- Repeat as necessary until you reach your objective.
What is a strawman outline?
So what is a “strawman” plan? It's a plan that's meant to be knocked down. It's a plan that you don't have to defend. It's a plan that you can use to float your ideas openly and present them for critique and discussion.
Here's an example of a simple argument that begs the question. This one just restates the conclusion as a basis for the conclusion: Chocolate is healthful because it's good for you. That begs the question. How do you know chocolate is good for you?